Rash Behari Bose was an Indian revolutionary leader against the British Raj. He was one of the key organisers of the Ghadar Mutiny, and later the Indian National Army. Rash Behari Bose handed over Indian National Army to Subhas Chandra Bose.⁣

He was born in Village Subaldaha, Purba Bardhaman district of West Bengal. He studied at Dupleix College where his principal Charu Chandra Roy inspired them into revolutionary politics. Bose later earned degrees in the medical sciences as well as in Engineering from France and Germany.⁣

He was interested in revolutionary activities from early on in his life, he left Bengal to avoid the Alipore bomb case trials of (1908). He went to Dehradun where he worked as a head clerk at the Forest Research Institute. ⁣

There, through Amarendra Chatterjee of the Jugantar, he secretly got involved with the revolutionaries of Bengal. Following the attempt to assassinate Lord Hardinge, Rash Behari was forced to go into hiding. ⁣

In 1913, he came in contact with Jatin Mukherjee in whom he “discovered a real leader of men,” who who inspired him in so many ways. Thus during World War I he became extensively involved as one of the leading figures of the Gadar Revolution that attempted to trigger a mutiny in India in February 1915. ⁣

Bose fled to Japan in 1915 where he got married and became Japanese citizen in 1923 living as a journalist and writer. ⁣

Bose arranged conference in Tokyo on 28–30 March 1942, which decided to establish the Indian Independence League. At the conference, he moved a motion to raise an army for Indian independence. ⁣

He arranged the second conference of the League at Bangkok on 22 June 1942. It was at this conference that a resolution was adopted to invite Subhas Chandra Bose to join the League and take its command as its president.⁣

He also selected the flag for the Azad Hind movement and handed over the flag to Subhas Chandra Bose. Rash Behari Bose built the Indian National Army (also called ‘Azad Hind Fauj’). Prior to his death caused by tuberculosis, the Japanese Government honoured him with the Order of the Rising Sun (2nd grade).⁣