Prafulla Chandra Chaki was an Indian revolutionary associated with the Jugantar group of revolutionaries who carried out assassinations against British colonial officials in an attempt to secure Indian independence.⁣

He was born in a well to do Jotdar family in 1888 in Bihar, a village in Bogra district of current day Bangladesh, then a part of Bengal Presidency. ⁣

He joined Rangpur National School as a child. He came in contact with several revolutionaries there. This made him a believer for the cause of Indian freedom struggle. ⁣

Barindra Ghosh brought him to Kolkata and he was enlisted in the Jugantar party. His first assignment was to kill Sir Joseph Bampfylde Fuller, the first Lieutenant Governor of the new province of Eastern Bengal and Assam. However, the plan did not materialize.⁣

Next, Prafulla, along with Khudiram Bose was chosen for the assassination of Kingsford, the magistrate of Muzaffarpur,Bihar. Kingsford, during his previous tenure as the Chief Presidency Magistrate of Calcutta, was unpopular for passing harsh and cruel sentences on young political workers of Bengal. Prafulla took the fake name of ‘Dinesh Chandra Roy’ in this operation.⁣

They waited in front of a European Club for Kingsford’s carriage. They threw a bomb on the carriage but there was a mistake in identification. The vehicle was carrying the family of Pringle Kennedy, a leading pleader of Muzaffarpur Bar. The daughter died soon and his wife succumbed to her injuries. They fled from the scene later.⁣

Prafulla and Khudiram took separate routes to escape. Prafulla reached Samastipur where he was given shelter and clothing by a railway staff member, Triguna Charan Ghosh. ⁣

Nandalal Banerjee, a police officer in the same compartment, suspected Prafulla and attempted to arrest him on the Mokama station platform, but Prafulla committed suicide with his own revolver.⁣

Prafulla committed suicide with his own revolver. His head was severed from his body and sent to Kolkata for further identification by Khudiram who was captured.⁣

The police inspector, Nandalal Banerjee, was assassinated by two younge revolutionaries Srishh Pal and Ranen Ganguly.