Bipin Chandra Pal was an Indian nationalist, writer, orator, social reformer and Indian independence movement activist. He was one third of the Lal Bal Pal triumvirate. He is also known as the Father of Revolutionary Thoughts in India ⁣

Pal was one of the main architects of the Swadeshi movement. He stood against the partition of Bengal by the colonial British government strategy set out by Lord Curzon to weaken the nationalist movement.⁣

Born in Poli village of Bengal Presidency, his father was Ramchandra Pal, a Persian scholar, and small landowner.⁣

He studied and taught at the Church Mission Society College (now the St. Paul’s Cathedral Mission College), an affiliated college of the University of Calcutta.⁣

At the Madras session of Indian National Congress held in 1887, Bipin Chandra Pal made a strong plea for repeal of the Arms Act which was discriminatory in nature. ⁣

In 1906, Pal started a daily called Vande Mataram. He also set up a school — Anushilan Samiti — and began a tour of the country to propagate his philosophy.⁣

As a journalist, Pal worked for Bengal Public Opinion, The Tribune and New India, where he propagated his brand of nationalism. He edited the journals ‘The Democrat’ and ‘The Independent’.⁣

He had no faith in mild protests in the form of non-cooperation with the British colonialists. On that one issue, the assertive nationalist leader had nothing common with Mahatma Gandhi. ⁣

As revolutionary as he was in politics, Pal was the same in his private life as well. After his first wife died, he married a widow and joined the Brahmo Samaj.⁣

He retired from active politics in 1920. He continued to contribute to magazines till his death on May 20, 1932. He was 73 years old.⁣

Sri Aurobindo referred to him as one of mightiest prophets of nationalism.⁣