Rabindranath Tagore: (May 7,1861- Aug 7,1941) Bengali Rabīndranāth Ṭhākur, Bengali poet, short-story writer, song composer, playwright, essayist, and painter who introduced new prose and verse forms and the use of colloquial language into Bengali literature, thereby freeing it from traditional models based on classical Sanskrit.
Here are some facts about Rabindranath Tagore:
He received nobel prize for literature in 1913 making him first non european to receive the award. his grand work in form of “Gitanjali” consists of collection of 157 poems and was published in 1910. He played a vital role in rediscovering the bengali literature, theatre and music, art.
He was awarded knighthood in 1915 by the british crown, but he renounced the knighthood after the Jallianwala bagh massacre in 1919.
Vishwa bharti university was founded by him. university was established in 1939 by the money he received for nobel prize. It is a central university and is located in Santiniketan, alumni includes, satyajit ray, amartya sen and others.
He has written national anthems for two countries, India’s Jana Gana Mana and Bangladesh’s Amaar Shonar Bangla.
Rabindranath tagore was renowned world over for his poetries/ literatures/writing and playwright. Tagore family regularly published a list of literary magazines: theatre and recitals of bengali and western classical music often featured, family was at the forefront of the bengal renaissance.
Tagore was enrolled and read law for a brief period at university college London, soon he left it and soon started with independent study of Shakespeare Religio, Coriolanus and Antony and Cleopatra.
During his travel to england in the year 1912, he took a bundle of his translated work, which got wide spread attention from missionary and Gandhi, Charles F. Andrews, Irish poet William Butler Yeats, Ezra Pound, Robert Bridges, Ernest Rhys, Thomas Sturge Moore, and others. Irish poet William Butler Yeats infact wrote the preface of Gitanjali, English translated one. Andrew at Shantiniketan joined Tagore.
Tagore accepted an invitation from the peruvian government. he travelled to mexico. Each government pledged US $100,000 to his school to commemorate the visits.
He had small chat with genius einstein and it is included as an appendix to “note on the nature of reality”.
Tagore has written and composed 2230 songs and his songs.